Wednesday, August 26, 2020

How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry Essay

How the Railway Labor Act Affected Bargaining in the Aviation Industry - Essay Example (Joined Airlines CEO, 2000) In the carrier business, haggling is directed by the National Mediation Board (NMB) under the RLA. In the last 50 years the RLA, as applies to the carrier business, has brought about strikes in under 3 percent everything being equal. Regardless of this, most carrier the executives sees the procedure required by the RLA as out of date and broken (Ex-Gov. Goldschmidt, 2003) The railroad work demonstration of 1926 was the primary significant work enactment passed by the U.S. Congress. Rather than shaping standards that applied to the entire of U.S. Industry, it focused on the railroad business, at that point the most significant piece of the transportation business in U.S. (Dealing Under the Railway Labor Act). The demonstration's motivation was basically to supplant hits with bartering, assertion, and intercession as an approach to determine work debates. The demonstration likewise denied managers from constraining specialists to deal through organization commanded associations. (Aggregate Bargaining) There are two manners by which the RLA delays or takes out strikes out and out: the demonstration drags out the procedure of aggregate haggling; as the demonstration necessitates that the gatherings have been discharged by the NMB 30 days before a strike can occur, where the date of discharge is the sole attentiveness of the NMB. (Aggregate Bargaining) Second, the RLA requires compulsory arbi... (Aggregate Bargaining) Both trade guilds and bosses profited by the RLA. Laborers, who needed to have the chance to arrange themselves and to get the best possible consideration from businesses to haggle new understandings and uphold existing ones, got what they needed. So did the railroad organizations. The Congress had concluded that trade must be continued moving in light of a legitimate concern for people in general, and in this way ordered specialists, regardless of any debates, must work now and lament later. Thus managers won the option to prop business up despite progressing work questions. (Railroad Labor Act, 2005) There are a few exemptions to the work currently, lament later rule, be that as it may. Laborers are permitted to decline to work when they have a sensible conviction that the work is risky, and when work being requested is in away from of the agreement. Be that as it may, if the organization can make a sensible guarantee that the agreement legitimizes the work being mentioned, at that point the worker is required to work, and report any complaints later. (Dealing Under the Railway Labor Act) Under the RLA, the initial phase in contract dealings are immediate arrangements, which are exchanges without the intervention of the NMB. Understandings additionally don't have inborn lapse dates under the RLA-termination dates must be set inside the understanding itself. Henceforth the understanding stays enforceable, and is business as usual, until any change is settled upon by the two gatherings. (Dealing Under the Railway Labor Act) The RLA permits strikes over significant debates (or questions that worry the creation or adjustment of the aggregate dealing understanding) just if the entirety of the RLA's exchange

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Compare and contrast Marxist and Functionalist accounts of religion

The two functionalists and Marxists share the normal view that religion serves to legitimize the ethics and laws inside society. Numerous functionalists just as Marxists do concur that society makes religion as a visual image of itself. Supporters are eventually not revering their religion, their loving society and all that it represents. In any case, this is the place the split in sees starts. Functionalists consider Religion to be serving towards the 4 pre-essentials of society. (To be specific: Social incorporation, shared qualities, social solidarity, and social agreement). By guaranteeing these requirements are met, religion strengthens aggregate qualities and advances solidarity. Functionalism isn't over worried about the ‘why' religion is permitted to expect this adulterated imagery, yet rather perceives it's utilization in keeping concordance and confidence in the public eye. Durkheim exhibits this in conceding that religion doesn't need to be ‘super common'. Note that human individuals and items can increase a holy status in the public arena like that of the icons of religion. For example: Princess Diana †a national image of noble cause and perhaps the last genuine ‘princess' of the British Nation in the individuals' hearts. She has become consecrated on the grounds that she speaks to a decent nature of society. From this, Durkheim trusts â€Å"Understand what hallowed things speak to and you comprehend the estimations of a society†. Here we come into the main significant distinction among functionalism and Marxism. The previous accepts that there is a positive connection among society and the person. Love society; put stock in the public arena. Marxists, be that as it may, characteristically are discontent and have an evil perspective on society for what it's worth. It is justifiable how they are against religion instilling the individuals into a worth set, maneuvering them into the aggregate inner voice that at last backings private enterprise and the possibility that individuals have the right to â€Å"have their place†. Religion has permits bolstered class frameworks and advanced disparity. In sex. In work. In power. Everything that Marxism is against. â€Å"The rich man set in his château †The poor man put at his gate† Malinowski, popular for his examination at the Trabaind islands, didn't consider religion to be a festival of society, regardless of a similar functionalist point of view as Durkheim. He did, in any case, concur that religion advances solidarity. It does as such by managing passionate pressure/life emergency (problematic occasions). Religion ventures to present services for managing different life emergency. Passing is given a burial service. Love is given marriage. In all cases at that point trust is given through the communicated confidence in interminability and individual grievers serve to solace and bolster the dispossessed, so they can become useful citizenry by and by. Risky and flighty occasions are additionally encircled in strict service. Petition is basic before a potentially unsafe encounter. These ceremonies lessen tension and increment certainty, fortifying solidarity in shared circumstances. Talcott Parsons shares this view and goes onto show how strict gadgets, for example, the 10 edicts, give the premise to numerous social standards and ethics. Religion guides conduct and aides in the definition of choice through this. At long last, Religion is hoped to answer the â€Å"ultimate questions† and offer significance to our reality. Humankind needs to feel as if there is importance in every single critical thing; which means to death and enduring, and support of presence in itself. Religion attempts to show sense in opposing situations that compromise the parity of extreme convictions. For example, a man who is benefitting through the doing of fiendishness will be rebuffed in life following death for his illegitimate increase throughout everyday life. Religion is an admonition, a supplier of equity, a supplier of direction and extreme heavenly dread on the off chance that one roams. Marx himself dismisses any thought of extraordinary part of religion. He portrays religion as the â€Å"Heart of a cutthroat world†; The merciless world being the general public formed by private enterprise. Religion is conceived out of a requirement for comfort, it does only this by padding the impact of specialist persecution. Marxists have put religion as a component of the super structure, it legitimizes the entrepreneur base just as the entire super structure. (See rich man quote page 1). Religion as an apparatus of the bourgeoisie plays a significant move in supporting specialist persecution, by indicating that all will increase equivalent award in paradise for doing the ‘right thing'. Religion has shifting degrees of severity as per financial class situation, particularly in India where the cast framework places exacting limitations and categorisations on a people place in the public arena. Equal open door is eventually squashed by brutal lessons and acknowledgment that a lower class laborer is having an awful life since overly common powers set them in that circumstance as discipline for injustice in past life. Taking everything into account, Marxist and functionalist similitudes regarding the matter beginning and end with the acknowledgment of religion as a preservationist power in the public arena. Neo Marxism accepts the thought (like functionalism) that religion can at times be valuable to society in achieving improve. For example the extreme job of Liberation Theology. (Madura). Customary Marxism is completely contradicted to the severe job of religion and would be astonished to see that extreme powers have risen with some minority strict gatherings. Functionalists, for example, Durkheim and Parsons consider religion to be being a positive and maybe basic piece of the amicable activities of society however have been censured for disregarding the useless, problematic, and disruptive parts of religion. They neglect to think about antagonistic vibe between strict gatherings inside a similar society. â€Å"It would appear that religion undermines social joining as promptly as it adds to it† (Stark and Glock).

Thursday, August 20, 2020

Branding Example

Branding Example Branding â€" Essay Example > Definition of branding The definition of branding can be summarized as, “a brand is a term, sign, symbol, design or a combination of these that is intended to identify the product or a seller and to differentiate it from those of competitors” (Okonkwo 2007, 9). Branding is the process of creating an identifiable entity of the total offerings of a company which make consistent and precise promises of value, thus providing the consumers with the best experience of using those offerings. An effective brand strategy provides a business with a significant edge amidst the increasingly competitive markets. Brand is a company’s promise to its consumers. Brand suggests what expectations can the consumers assign to the products and/or services offered by the company. Brand makes the offering stand out from a range of similar offerings by the competitors. The brand is derived from what a company is, what is its mission and vision, and how it wants to be perceived by the consumers. A logo lays the foundation of a brand. The website, promotional materials, packaging, and ads of a company are all integrated in the company’s logo, so a company is able to communicate to the consumers. The brand strategy is crafted by what about, when, where, how, and to whom a company wants to communicate and convey the messages. The choice and platform of advertisements, the visual and verbal elements of communication are all essential components of the brand strategy just like the distribution channels. A company can develop a strong brand equity by adopting consistently strategic branding. Brand equity means the added value assigned to the offerings of a company which provides the company with an opportunity to charge the consumers more for the brand compared to what unbranded identical product making companies are charging. Coke vs any soda is an obvious example of this; Coca-Cola can charge customers more for its drinks without having the customers turned away because Coke has a strong brand equity whereas a generic soda might not even get half as many customers even by charging them much lesser than Coke. The added value is built in the form of emotional attachment or perceived quality. For example, Nike keeps star athletes in its ads and promotional campaigns anticipating the transfer of the customers’ emotional attachment with those star athletes to Nike’s products. This implies that it is more than just the features of Nike shoes which plays an important role in their selling out. Defining its brand for a company is more like a self-discovery business journey. Defining the brand can be time-consuming and complicated as it requires a company to clearly lay out its mission, the intended features of its products and/or services, the benefits they would generate for the consumers, the prospective or desired image of the company, and the consumers’ existing association with the company. Objectives of branding The objective of branding is to create wealth, customer loyalty, and most importantly influence in the market. The goal of branding is to encourage the consumers to purchase the offering repeatedly. Brands are robust symbolic entities with a lot of social impact which paves the way for increased loyalty on the part of the consumers. Brands are considered as communicators since they communicate the name, trademark, logo, type, communicating positioning, and contriving identity. Brands play the role of value enhancers as they are visualized to carry additional values which are linked with a company and the products and/or services it offers. Having a company branded means that the quality of its offerings is guaranteed to the consumers. Brands help build relationships between companies and the consumers. It is the objective of branding to get the offerings of a company differentiated from those of its competitors so that the product and/or service can be easily recognized by the consu mers. Another objective of branding is to launch activities of promotion. These activities may include but are not limited to personal selling, advertisement, sales promotion, and publicity. One of the primary objectives of branding is to maintain the durability and high quality of the offerings for which they are valued by the consumers. Using brand name loses all significance and weight if a company fails to maintain the quality of its offerings. Branding provides a firm with legal protection and helps the company overcome legal obstacles. Summing them up, the objectives of branding, on one hand, are directed at producing quality products and/or services, and on the other hand, they are directed at fostering the relationship between consumers and the company producing those products and/or services. The development of a brand The first and the foremost requirement of developing a brand is to have a logo that can be placed everywhere. Next comes the stage of crafting brand message. The company should write down the key messages that it wants to communicate through its brand. These brand attributes should be well known to each and every employee of the company so that all employees can display these attributes in their dealings with the customers. Branding is not limited to just one aspect of a business i. e. marketing or selling; rather branding is intrinsically related to all aspects of the business ranging from addressing the customers’ complaints, communicating with customers professionally, and doing the maximum possible to keep the customers happy and entertained. The company needs to create its own voice that would reflect its brand. This voice is incorporated in all materials’ visual imagery and written communication. The company should constantly evaluate where the brand lies on the scale wit h friendliness on one extreme and formality on the other. Ideally, a brand should lie in the middle of such a scale so that customers are dealt with in a friendly as well as a professional manner by the company’s staff. Writing a meaningful, concise, and memorable statement which contains a brand’s essence helps in the development of a tagline. The color scheme, look, feel, and logo placement should consistently be the same in all products and/or services, their marketing campaigns, and promotional platforms. How Gucci developed its brand Gucci is a famous brand for luxury accessories and fashion wear. Gucci puts in a lot of effort in its branding. Gucci’s 90th anniversary celebration was year-long and completed with the establishment of a whole “branded museum in the Palazzo della Mercanzia located in Italian city Florence’s Piazza Signoria” (Hutzler 2011). There are three separate floors in the Gucci Museo each of which is dedicated to the permanent branded exhibits that narrate the brand’s story to the visitors. There has been noticed an increase in the museum exhibits by top brands which shows that top brands feel the need to justify why they charge such high prices to the customers by telling them their history and brand’s story and worth. Branding expert Rob Frankel said, “After creating and building a brand, it’s critically important to nurture and sustain the value of the brand… This is where most brands fall down. They simply create it and hope it thrives, …But when a brand takes steps to show that it believes its own brand is worth cultivating, it makes a statement to the public” (Frankel cited in Hutzler 2011). There are three shops, one café, and several rooms for exhibition inside the Gucci Museo. With the café being located at the museum’s entrance, the tourists are enticed to meet the locals in a coffeehouse. Such meetings promote an understanding of the importance of a brand even to the ones who are very remotely aware of it. Gucci provides an example of a top brand that invests heavily in its branding, but the investment brings about far more profit in return. References: Okonkwo, U 2007, Luxury Fashion Branding: Trends, Tactics, Techniques, Palgrave Macmillan, Hutzler, K 2011, Gucci emphasizes brand value with independent museum, Luxury Daily, [Online] Available at http: //www. luxurydaily. com/gucci-celebrates-90-years-highlights-quality-with-branded-museum/ [accessed: 14 April 2015].

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Assisted Suicide Should Be Legal Medical Practice

Assisted should be a legal medical practice in the United States. There is a lot of different opinions on this subject but; Is it really a question on if it’s the right thing to do? If a person is truly suffering and has no hope in getting better is it ok to end your on life; yes it is. Assisted Suicide is huge subject in our world right now, there are different types of assisted suicide but today we are going to focus on Physician-assisted suicide. Physician-assisted suicide is the act of a medical doctor who provides a patient with drugs or other means to end one’s life intentionally. Assisted suicide is a humane way that the terminally ill can end there life, to get rid of the dreaded never ending pan, to end their suffering and just†¦show more content†¦In 2006 the case went to the Supreme Court, after many appeals, which the Supreme Court upheld the law. Then in 2008 Washington became the second state to legalize assisted suicide with a sixty percent yes rate. Montana became the last state to pass the Death with Dignity Act in 2010. With three states already with the Death with Dignity Act passed and with the Supreme Court to back it. Massachusetts decided to give the Death with Dignity Act a chance. The 2012 election day, the State of Massachusetts will vote whether or not to approve the â€Å"Death with Dignity Act†, a measure that would make Massachusetts the third state in the country to approve physician assisted suicide? The state has been split politically between the medical community and politically powerful Catholic Church. The Catholic Church has made no secret to its opposition to physician assisted suicide. The right-to-die idea was before the opponents provided a lot of testimony to get lawmakers to abandon the bill and stop endorsing it. With 80,000 signatures the â€Å"Death with Dignity Act† was put on the ballot. With Massachusetts being the national health care they could play a significant role in the developing debate over physician assisted suicide throughout the country. This act was later thrown out to due to a more popular NO vote on it. Oregon and Washington both have similar laws in the Death with Dignity Act. Montana

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Tremaine Neverson Free Essays

â€Å"Success can be a dangerous drug. It definitely changes people and it can take you to another world if you allow it to. † These are famous words form popular singer, songwriter and activist Tremaine Aldon Neverson. We will write a custom essay sample on Tremaine Neverson or any similar topic only for you Order Now Born November 28, 1984, Tremaine is also known as Trey Songz. Searching for himself, he gained a love for music and began singing at the age 14. At the age of 15, he met a producer by the name of Troy Taylor, whom started his skyrocketing success as a singer. In 2003, he released his first album, and then began writing music for other artists. He has five different albums in which he considers to take his fans on five different journeys of his life. From BET to Grammy awards, Trey Songz is more than just an artist. He has used his gift of music as the launching pad to various philanthropic and entrepreneurial endeavors such as the â€Å"Angels with Heart Foundation† and the â€Å"Songz for Peace Foundation. † Through his â€Å"Angels with Heart Foundation,† Trey encourages to give back and to have a positive impact in their community through community service with local charities and random acts of kindness. Through his â€Å"Songz for Peace Foundation† he aims to curb the violence in youth. I admire Trey’s dedication to music. It is something he loves and he always pleases his fans. He is also promoting positive messages through each of his foundations. As an artist, he’s only obligated to deliver music and videos to his fans, but he does so much more for us. I am all for community service and giving back to the community, so just for that I admire him. To find someone who satisfies your taste in music and your taste in activism means a lot to me as a fan and a young adult. In closing, I would like to dedicate this special tribute to Tremaine Neverson on this very special day, Happy Birthday Trey! How to cite Tremaine Neverson, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Effect of Media Violence Exposure †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Effect of Media Violence Exposure. Answer: Introduction: The revolutionary concept of using electronic media for the purpose of marketing communication is gaining extreme popularity with different genres of business organizations, and adding the extra element of social media has contributed large to the rapid growth that this concept has gained. Despite the charming popularity statistics of this marketing idea, different organizations are still sceptical about using SOME for their marketing mix due to the perceived risks associated with this idea limiting their use. There are various risks associated with the use of social media marketing for a corporate entity given the dynamic nature if customer market, and this is what is perceived as the risky society by the most of the business management authors (Andreassen, Pallese Griffiths, 2017). The use of the new form of electronic form of media are done majorly on the marketing communication for gaining the full amount of the reputation with the organizations and adapting to the use of the so cial media is also enjoying the (SOME) for enjoying the particular form of the rapid form of growth. However, the organizations are been associated with the using of the SOME in the communication of the marketing arena (Utz Breuer, 2017). The individuals tend to explore various forms of effectiveness for the procedural controls and the processes that are done for managing these forms of risks. The results also shows that the organizations perceives the three kinds of the risks that can be avoided in the companies from the increasing the use of the SOME. Corporate organizations applied form of the practical form of the controlling the mechanisms for managing time loss of the risks (Mathews, 2016). The familiarity of the organization with SOME was found for having the strong form of impact on the resources like loos of time and for the other types of the other forms of the factors of the risks. Several researches have reviled that the role of the proactive form of the focus and the c ontrol over the procedures that are been managed for the SOME related risks are very less being anticipated. In a broader form, the social media actually refers to the phone or the application that are based on the internet for engaging themselves in the communication with the other form of people who are across space and the time. The most popular form of the social media are the Facebook and the Twitter which sufficiently serves the purpose for serving the main purpose. The other common forms are the Tumblr and the Reddit that are mostly used for blogging the applications or the websites for allowing the users for interacting with each other that can be identified as the form of social media. The defining form of all the features that the social media provides always enables the large number of the people and the potential form of the strangers for communicating with all the members who have been streamlined. In all other senses, the fact that the social media has completely taken over the interpersonal forms of relationships should not be ignored when discussing the risks associated with social media (Fikkers et al., 2013). However, the sense is very superficial. The truth is that the actual form of the interpersonal relationships that requires the present to the friend of the individuals, that requires one to be able to have a very much face to face of conversations that are been conducted with them without even distracted by competing the demands for getting the attention of the individuals. The users of the social media have also become very much incapable for the current situation. As the people are very much purged with the virtual form of world, they are never actually very present in the actual form of world for the world that the individuals are been living. Physiologically there have been episodes where the individuals are always having a distant relationship with their partners . The social media management has become a very much common form of place for having the hard time that are been live without any concerns. The websites are been intended for connecting the people that are been splitting them up (Trainor et al., 2014). It has been observed that nearly about the cases that involves the elements of the mind that are been mined from the social networking sites. Nowadays it has been a common form in the recent years that everyone around the world has created the tradition of dating in the online forum. In the recent years, it has been seen that the youth is very much comfortable for the use of the online medium for knowing people and also dating. The Tinder and the other sites are there for connecting two people to have a romantic form of relationships (Utz Breuer, 2017). On a recent survey, many individuals have noticed that they have made platonic form of friends and also professional contacts for the through these sites. However, it has also been found that one single mother have also stated that she has expanded her areas of friendship through Tinder. However, many individuals have reported that they have encountered their romantic dalliances with the help of the social networking site especially through twitter. They have also ensured that it is a good form of platform for the like the lively situation in their lives (Fikkers et al., 2013). Therefore, it is very much evident that there are the habit of using of the social media definitely has a myriad of positive form of impact on building the relationships. References Andreassen, C. S., Pallesen, S., Griffiths, M. D. (2017). The relationship between addictive use of social media, narcissism, and self-esteem: Findings from a large national survey.Addictive Behaviors,64, 287-293. Fikkers, K. M., Piotrowski, J. T., Weeda, W. D., Vossen, H. G., Valkenburg, P. M. (2013). Double dose: High family conflict enhances the effect of media violence exposure on adolescents aggression.Societies,3(3), 280-292. Hudson, S., Roth, M. S., Madden, T. J., Hudson, R. (2015). The effects of social media on emotions, brand relationship quality, and word of mouth: An empirical study of music festival attendees. Tourism Management,47, 68-76. Mathews, A. (2016). Media Bias: How Much Does it Hurt or Help the Media-Public Relationship?. Trainor, K. J., Andzulis, J. M., Rapp, A., Agnihotri, R. (2014). Social media technology usage and customer relationship performance: A capabilities-based examination of social CRM.Journal of Business Research,67(6), 1201-1208. Utz, S., Breuer, J. (2017). The Relationship Between Use of Social Network Sites, Online Social Support, and Well-Being.Journal of Media Psychology.